Áhugaverðu erindi streymt frá Hafró

Fimmtudaginn 20. september mun Dr. Jill Welter flytja erindi um áhrif hitastigs og næringarframboðs á tegundasamsetningu þörunga og blábaktería. Erindið hennar tengist rannsóknum sem hafa farið fram á Hengilsvæðinu um árabil. Málstofan verður haldin í fyrirlestrarsal Hafrannsóknarstofnunnar á 1. hæð Skúlagötu 4 og verður jafnframt streymt á YouTube rás Hafró.

Erindið verður flutt á ensku og málstofan hefst kl. 12:30.

Jill Welter er prófessor í líffræði við St. Catherine háskólann í Minnesota og stundar rannsóknir á vistfræði straumvatna. Meðal annars tengjast rannsóknir hennar áhrifum hnattrænnar hlýnunar á vægi niturbindandi baktería og möguleg áhrif þeirra á fæðukeðjur og náttúrulega hringrás kolefnis og niturs.

Ágrip

Climate warming and eutrophication are two key drivers of global environmental change. Both influence physiological processes, species interactions, and biogeochemical cycling in ways that affect ecosystem processes; however, their synergistic effects are difficult to predict given the complexity of species responses to temperature and nutrient availability. Individual responses depend on differences in physiology and modes of nutrient acquisition, as well as thermal optima that influence the outcome of species interactions and ultimately ecosystem function. For example, nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria can obtain essential nitrogen (N) from the atmosphere while non-N-fixing species may experience N-limitation. The nitrogenase enzyme complex has a high activation energy (AE = 2.18 eV), responding strongly to increases in temperature that can fuel ecosystem productivity when N-fixers are abundant. Increasing availability of dissolved inorganic N (DIN) should alleviate N-limitation of the biofilm assemblage, favoring non-N-fixing taxa and driving decreases in the temperature dependence of production. We evaluated the interactive effect of temperature and DIN availability on biofilm assemblage structure, metabolism and N uptake, including N-fixation, in a nitrogen-poor stream in Hengill, Iceland. Under N-poor conditions, N-fixation rates and N-fixer biomass (e.g., Nostoc spongiaeforme) increased significantly with temperature and biomass accumulation exhibited strong temperature dependence. With DIN addition, the temperature dependence of biomass accumulation declined and temperature-nutrient interactions resulted in various combinations of cyanobacteria, green algae, and diatoms, including dominance by the diatoms Melosira and Synedra in warm treatments. N-fixation rates declined with increasing DIN availability, while total N assimilation increased with temperature as a result of increased uptake of DIN by non-N-fixing diatoms, which compensated for declines in N-fixation. Many ecosystems are experiencing simultaneous warming and nutrient enrichment. Future trajectories for food web dynamics and nutrient cycling pathways will depend on the outcome of species interactions that determine food quality and quantity, as well as availability of limiting resources.

Sæbjörg

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